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Quan, HT; Zhang, P; Sun, CP; Quan, HT , Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China.
Quantum heat engine with multilevel quantum systems
Source PublicationPHYSICAL REVIEW E
KeywordCarnot Engine Finite-time
AbstractBy reformulating the first law of thermodynamics in the fashion of quantum-mechanical operators on the parameter manifold, we propose a universal class of quantum heat engines (QHE) using the multilevel quantum system as the working substance. We obtain a general expression of work for the thermodynamic cycle with two thermodynamic adiabatic processes, which are implied in quantum adiabatic processes. We also classify the conditions for a 3-level QHE to extract positive work, which is proved to be looser than that for a 2-level system under certain conditions. As a realistic illustration, a 3-level atom system with dark state configuration manipulated by a classical radiation field is used to demonstrate our central idea.
2005
ISSN1539-3755
Volume72Issue:5Pages:-
Subject AreaPhysics
Indexed BySCI
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.itp.ac.cn/handle/311006/13728
Collection理论物理所科研产出_SCI论文
Corresponding AuthorQuan, HT , Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Quan, HT,Zhang, P,Sun, CP,et al. Quantum heat engine with multilevel quantum systems[J]. PHYSICAL REVIEW E,2005,72(5):-.
APA Quan, HT,Zhang, P,Sun, CP,&Quan, HT , Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China..(2005).Quantum heat engine with multilevel quantum systems.PHYSICAL REVIEW E,72(5),-.
MLA Quan, HT,et al."Quantum heat engine with multilevel quantum systems".PHYSICAL REVIEW E 72.5(2005):-.
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