Roberts, CD (reprint author), Argonne Natl Lab, Div Phys, Argonne, IL 60439 USA.
[Shi, Chao] Nanjing Univ, Inst Acoust, Key Lab Modern Acoust, MOE, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
We compute the kaon's valence-quark (twist-two parton) distribution amplitude (PDA) by projecting its Poincare-covariant Bethe-Salpeter wave-function onto the light-front. At a scale zeta = 2GeV, the PDA is abroad, concave and asymmetric function, whose peak is shifted 12-16% away from its position in QCD's conformal limit. These features are a clear expression of SU(3)-flavour-symmetry breaking. They show that the heavier quark in the kaon carries more of the bound-state's momentum than the lighter quark and also that emergent phenomena in QCD modulate the magnitude of flavour-symmetry breaking: it is markedly smaller than one might expect based on the difference between light-quark current masses. Our results add to a body of evidence which indicates that at any energy scale accessible with existing or foreseeable facilities, a reliable guide to the interpretation of experiment requires the use of such nonperturbatively broadened PDAs in leading-order, leading-twist formulae for hard exclusive processes instead of the asymptotic PDA associated with QCD's conformal limit. We illustrate this via the ratio of kaon and pion electromagnetic form factors: using our nonperturbative PDAs in the appropriate formulae, F-K/F-pi = 1.23 at spacelike-Q(2) = 17 GeV2, which compares satisfactorily with the value of 0.92(5) inferred in e(+)e(-) annihilation at s = 17GeV(2). (C) 2014 Argonne National Laboratory and the authors. Published by Elsevier B. V.