ITP OpenIR  > 理论物理所2014年知识产出
Social cycling and conditional responses in the Rock-Paper-Scissors game
Wang, ZJ; Xu, B; Zhou, HJ; Zhou, HJ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, State Key Lab Theoret Phys, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
2014
发表期刊SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
ISSN2045-2322
卷号4页码:5830
摘要How humans make decisions in non-cooperative strategic interactions is a big question. For the fundamental Rock-Paper-Scissors (RPS) model game system, classic Nash equilibrium (NE) theory predicts that players randomize completely their action choices to avoid being exploited, while evolutionary game theory of bounded rationality in general predicts persistent cyclic motions, especially in finite populations. However as empirical studies have been relatively sparse, it is still a controversial issue as to which theoretical framework is more appropriate to describe decision-making of human subjects. Here we observe population-level persistent cyclic motions in a laboratory experiment of the discrete-time iterated RPS game under the traditional random pairwise-matching protocol. This collective behavior contradicts with the NE theory but is quantitatively explained, without any adjustable parameter, by a microscopic model of win-lose-tie conditional response. Theoretical calculations suggest that if all players adopt the same optimized conditional response strategy, their accumulated payoff will be much higher than the reference value of the NE mixed strategy. Our work demonstrates the feasibility of understanding human competition behaviors from the angle of non-equilibrium statistical physics.
部门归属[Wang, Zhijian] Zhejiang Univ, Expt Social Sci Lab, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, Peoples R China ; [Xu, Bin] Zhejiang Gongshang Univ, Publ Adm Coll, Hangzhou 310018, Zhejiang, Peoples R China ; [Zhou, Hai-Jun] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, State Key Lab Theoret Phys, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
关键词Iterated Prisoners-dilemma Tit-for-tat Evolutionary Games Stable Strategies Lose-shift Win-stay Dynamics Cycles Biodiversity Cooperation
学科领域Physics
资助者Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities [SSEYI2014Z]; State Key Laboratory for Theoretical Physics [Y3KF261CJ1]; Philosophy and Social Sciences Planning Project of Zhejiang Province [13NDJC095YB]; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804]; Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences [KJCX2-EW-J02]; National Science Foundation of China [11121403, 11225526] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities [SSEYI2014Z]; State Key Laboratory for Theoretical Physics [Y3KF261CJ1]; Philosophy and Social Sciences Planning Project of Zhejiang Province [13NDJC095YB]; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804]; Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences [KJCX2-EW-J02]; National Science Foundation of China [11121403, 11225526] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities [SSEYI2014Z]; State Key Laboratory for Theoretical Physics [Y3KF261CJ1]; Philosophy and Social Sciences Planning Project of Zhejiang Province [13NDJC095YB]; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804]; Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences [KJCX2-EW-J02]; National Science Foundation of China [11121403, 11225526] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities [SSEYI2014Z]; State Key Laboratory for Theoretical Physics [Y3KF261CJ1]; Philosophy and Social Sciences Planning Project of Zhejiang Province [13NDJC095YB]; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804]; Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences [KJCX2-EW-J02]; National Science Foundation of China [11121403, 11225526]
DOI10.1038/srep05830
URL查看原文
收录类别SCI
语种英语
资助者Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities [SSEYI2014Z]; State Key Laboratory for Theoretical Physics [Y3KF261CJ1]; Philosophy and Social Sciences Planning Project of Zhejiang Province [13NDJC095YB]; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804]; Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences [KJCX2-EW-J02]; National Science Foundation of China [11121403, 11225526] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities [SSEYI2014Z]; State Key Laboratory for Theoretical Physics [Y3KF261CJ1]; Philosophy and Social Sciences Planning Project of Zhejiang Province [13NDJC095YB]; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804]; Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences [KJCX2-EW-J02]; National Science Foundation of China [11121403, 11225526] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities [SSEYI2014Z]; State Key Laboratory for Theoretical Physics [Y3KF261CJ1]; Philosophy and Social Sciences Planning Project of Zhejiang Province [13NDJC095YB]; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804]; Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences [KJCX2-EW-J02]; National Science Foundation of China [11121403, 11225526] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities [SSEYI2014Z]; State Key Laboratory for Theoretical Physics [Y3KF261CJ1]; Philosophy and Social Sciences Planning Project of Zhejiang Province [13NDJC095YB]; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804]; Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences [KJCX2-EW-J02]; National Science Foundation of China [11121403, 11225526]
WOS记录号WOS:000339421300011
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被引频次:22[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.itp.ac.cn/handle/311006/15704
专题理论物理所2014年知识产出
通讯作者Zhou, HJ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, State Key Lab Theoret Phys, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
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GB/T 7714
Wang, ZJ,Xu, B,Zhou, HJ,et al. Social cycling and conditional responses in the Rock-Paper-Scissors game[J]. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,2014,4:5830.
APA Wang, ZJ,Xu, B,Zhou, HJ,&Zhou, HJ .(2014).Social cycling and conditional responses in the Rock-Paper-Scissors game.SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,4,5830.
MLA Wang, ZJ,et al."Social cycling and conditional responses in the Rock-Paper-Scissors game".SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 4(2014):5830.
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