Lu, BN (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, State Key Lab Theoret Phys, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
We study the superdeformed (SD) states and corresponding SD hypernuclei of Ar isotopes with the multidimensionally constrained relativistic mean field (MDC-RMF) models, which can accommodate various shape degree of freedom. We found that the density profiles of SD states in Ar isotopes show a strong localization with a ring structure near the surface, while the central part of the density is dilute, showing a hole structure. This localization of SD density induces an appreciable deformation in the hyperon wave function and results in a large overlap between the core and the hyperon in the SD hypernuclei of Ar isotopes. Then the Lambda separation energy of the SD state becomes larger than that of a normally deformed or spherical ground state. This feature is different from that found in other nuclei such as S-32, Ni-56, and Zn-60 in which the Lambda separation energy of larger deformed state is smaller. In this context, the measurement of the Lambda separation energy may provide important information on the localization of the density profile of SD states.