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Lower bound for the hyperfine populations of spin-2 condensates against a magnetic field under the single-spatial-mode approximation
Liu, YM; He, YZ; Bao, CG; Bao, CG (reprint author), Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Phys & Engn, State Key Lab Optoelect Mat & Technol, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
2015
发表期刊PHYSICAL REVIEW A
卷号92期号:6页码:63631
文章类型Article
摘要The variation of the hyperfine populations N rho(mu) of the ground state (g.s.) of spin-2 condensates against a magnetic field B is studied. A N-body theory which is rigorous in dealing with the spin degrees of freedom has been adopted. The conservation of the total magnetization M is assumed. A combined hyperfine population N rho(comb) = N(rho(0) - 3 rho(2) - 3 rho(-2)), which is an observable, is defined. The lower bound for this population has been derived analytically. It turns out that the lower bound is identical to the actual population when B = 0 and 8, and the population is monotonically uprising in between. Thus, via the analytical form of the lower bound, the variation of the population against B can be roughly known in advance. Numerical examples are given to demonstrate the applicability of the bound. When M = 0, the g.s. in the polar phase was found to be highly unstable against B because the neighboring level density is extremely high. When M = N, the g.s. in the cyclic phase was also found to be highly unstable. This is because the appearance of B, even if it is very weak, will break the high degeneracy of the g.s. and result in having numerous levels emerging in the neighborhood of the g.s.
学科领域Optics ; Physics
资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.92.063631
关键词[WOS]GROUND-STATE ; BOSE ; DYNAMICS ; GASES
收录类别SCI
语种英语
资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11372122] ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China ; Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
WOS类目Optics ; Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.itp.ac.cn/handle/311006/20737
专题理论物理所SCI论文
通讯作者Bao, CG (reprint author), Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Phys & Engn, State Key Lab Optoelect Mat & Technol, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
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GB/T 7714
Liu, YM,He, YZ,Bao, CG,et al. Lower bound for the hyperfine populations of spin-2 condensates against a magnetic field under the single-spatial-mode approximation[J]. PHYSICAL REVIEW A,2015,92(6):63631.
APA Liu, YM,He, YZ,Bao, CG,&Bao, CG .(2015).Lower bound for the hyperfine populations of spin-2 condensates against a magnetic field under the single-spatial-mode approximation.PHYSICAL REVIEW A,92(6),63631.
MLA Liu, YM,et al."Lower bound for the hyperfine populations of spin-2 condensates against a magnetic field under the single-spatial-mode approximation".PHYSICAL REVIEW A 92.6(2015):63631.
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