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NBODY6++GPU: ready for the gravitational million-body problem
Wang, L; Spurzem, R; Aarseth, S; Nitadori, K; Berczik, P; Kouwenhoven, MBN; Naab, T; Wang, L (reprint author), Peking Univ, Kavli Inst Astron & Astrophys, Yiheyuan Lu 5, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
2015
发表期刊MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY
卷号450期号:4页码:4070-4080
文章类型Article
摘要Accurate direct N-body simulations help to obtain detailed information about the dynamical evolution of star clusters. They also enable comparisons with analytical models and Fokker-Planck or Monte Carlo methods. NBODY6 is a well-known direct N-body code for star clusters, and NBODY6++ is the extended version designed for large particle number simulations by supercomputers. We present NBODY6++ GPU, an optimized version of NBODY6++ with hybrid parallelization methods (MPI, GPU, OpenMP, and AVX/SSE) to accelerate large direct N-body simulations, and in particular to solve the million-body problem. We discuss the new features of the NBODY6++ GPU code, benchmarks, as well as the first results from a simulation of a realistic globular cluster initially containing a million particles. For million-body simulations, NBODY6++ GPU is 400-2000 times faster than NBODY6 with 320 CPU cores and 32 NVIDIA K20X GPUs. With this computing cluster specification, the simulations of million-body globular clusters including 5 per cent primordial binaries require about an hour per half-mass crossing time.
关键词Methods: Numerical Globular Clusters: General
学科领域Astronomy & Astrophysics
资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; NAOC ; NAOC ; NAOC ; NAOC ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; NAOC ; NAOC ; NAOC ; NAOC ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe'
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv817
关键词[WOS]SPECIAL-PURPOSE COMPUTER ; GRAPHICS PROCESSING UNITS ; PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS ; GLOBULAR-CLUSTERS ; CORE-COLLAPSE ; SIMULATIONS ; REGULARIZATION ; IMPLEMENTATION ; ALGORITHMS ; GRAPE-6
收录类别SCI
语种英语
资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; NAOC ; NAOC ; NAOC ; NAOC ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11073025, 11010237, 11050110414, 11173004] ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Silk Road Project at National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, at NAOC [2009S1-5] ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; 'Qianren' special foreign experts programme of China, at NAOC ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; Julich Supercomputing Center (JSC) ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; NASU under the Main Astronomical Observatory GRID/GPU computing cluster project ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation through the PPGF fellowship ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; Peking University One Hundred Talent Fund [985] ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; NAOC ; NAOC ; NAOC ; NAOC ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' ; DFG cluster of excellence 'Origin and Structure of the Universe'
WOS类目Astronomy & Astrophysics
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.itp.ac.cn/handle/311006/20928
专题理论物理所SCI论文
通讯作者Wang, L (reprint author), Peking Univ, Kavli Inst Astron & Astrophys, Yiheyuan Lu 5, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
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Wang, L,Spurzem, R,Aarseth, S,et al. NBODY6++GPU: ready for the gravitational million-body problem[J]. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,2015,450(4):4070-4080.
APA Wang, L.,Spurzem, R.,Aarseth, S.,Nitadori, K.,Berczik, P.,...&Wang, L .(2015).NBODY6++GPU: ready for the gravitational million-body problem.MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,450(4),4070-4080.
MLA Wang, L,et al."NBODY6++GPU: ready for the gravitational million-body problem".MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 450.4(2015):4070-4080.
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