Yang, SJ (reprint author), Beijing Normal Univ, Dept Phys, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China.
Searching for novel topological objects is always an intriguing task for scientists in various fields. We study a three-dimensional (3D) topological structure called a 3D dimeron in trapped two-component Bose-Einstein condensates. The 3D dimeron differs from the conventional 3D skyrmion for the condensates hosting two interlocked vortex rings. We demonstrate that the vortex rings are connected by a singular string and the complexity constitutes a vortex molecule. The stability of the 3D dimeron is examined in two different models using the imaginary time evolution method. We find that the stable 3D dimeron can be naturally generated from a vortex-free Gaussian wave packet incorporating a synthetic non-Abelian gauge potential into the condensates.