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Zhou, HJ; Zhou, HJ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, State Key Lab Theoret Phys, Beijing, Peoples R China.
The rock-paper-scissors game
发表期刊CONTEMPORARY PHYSICS
语种英语
关键词Cyclic Dominance Non-cooperative Game Decision Making Social Cycling Conditional Response Non-equilibrium
摘要

Rock-Paper-Scissors (RPS), a game of cyclic dominance, is not merely a popular children's game but also a basic model system for studying decision-making in non-cooperative strategic interactions. Aimed at students of physics with no background in game theory, this paper introduces the concepts of Nash equilibrium and evolutionarily stable strategy, and reviews some recent theoretical and empirical efforts on the non-equilibrium properties of the iterated RPS, including collective cycling, conditional response patterns and microscopic mechanisms that facilitate cooperation. We also introduce several dynamical processes to illustrate the applications of RPS as a simplified model of species competition in ecological systems and price cycling in economic markets.

2016
卷号57期号:2页码:151-163
合作性质其它
学科领域Physics
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00107514.2015.1026556
收录类别SCI
项目资助者National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526]
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.itp.ac.cn/handle/311006/21265
专题计算平台成果
通讯作者Zhou, HJ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, State Key Lab Theoret Phys, Beijing, Peoples R China.
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Zhou, HJ,Zhou, HJ . The rock-paper-scissors game[J]. CONTEMPORARY PHYSICS,2016,57(2):151-163.
APA Zhou, HJ,&Zhou, HJ .(2016).The rock-paper-scissors game.CONTEMPORARY PHYSICS,57(2),151-163.
MLA Zhou, HJ,et al."The rock-paper-scissors game".CONTEMPORARY PHYSICS 57.2(2016):151-163.
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