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题名: The rock-paper-scissors game
作者: Zhou, HJ
刊名: CONTEMPORARY PHYSICS
出版日期: 2016
卷号: 57, 期号:2, 页码:151-163
关键词: cyclic dominance ;  non-cooperative game ;  decision making ;  social cycling ;  conditional response ;  non-equilibrium
学科分类: Physics
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00107514.2015.1026556
通讯作者: Zhou, HJ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, State Key Lab Theoret Phys, Beijing, Peoples R China.
文章类型: Article
合作性质: 其它
英文摘要: Rock-Paper-Scissors (RPS), a game of cyclic dominance, is not merely a popular children's game but also a basic model system for studying decision-making in non-cooperative strategic interactions. Aimed at students of physics with no background in game theory, this paper introduces the concepts of Nash equilibrium and evolutionarily stable strategy, and reviews some recent theoretical and empirical efforts on the non-equilibrium properties of the iterated RPS, including collective cycling, conditional response patterns and microscopic mechanisms that facilitate cooperation. We also introduce several dynamical processes to illustrate the applications of RPS as a simplified model of species competition in ecological systems and price cycling in economic markets.
类目[WOS]: Physics, Multidisciplinary
关键词[WOS]: PRISONERS-DILEMMA ;  PRICE DISPERSION ;  DYNAMICS ;  STRATEGY ;  BIODIVERSITY ;  GENERATION ;  PROMOTES ;  PHYSICS ;  CYCLES ;  NUMBER
收录类别: SCI
项目资助者: National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ;  National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526]
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000380746700001
Citation statistics: 
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.itp.ac.cn/handle/311006/21265
Appears in Collections:理论物理所计算集群成果_计算集群论文-未标明致谢

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Recommended Citation:
Zhou, HJ. The rock-paper-scissors game[J]. CONTEMPORARY PHYSICS,2016,57(2):151-163.
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