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Zhou, HJ; Zhou, HJ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, State Key Lab Theoret Phys, Beijing, Peoples R China.
The rock-paper-scissors game
Source PublicationCONTEMPORARY PHYSICS
Language英语
KeywordCyclic Dominance Non-cooperative Game Decision Making Social Cycling Conditional Response Non-equilibrium
Abstract

Rock-Paper-Scissors (RPS), a game of cyclic dominance, is not merely a popular children's game but also a basic model system for studying decision-making in non-cooperative strategic interactions. Aimed at students of physics with no background in game theory, this paper introduces the concepts of Nash equilibrium and evolutionarily stable strategy, and reviews some recent theoretical and empirical efforts on the non-equilibrium properties of the iterated RPS, including collective cycling, conditional response patterns and microscopic mechanisms that facilitate cooperation. We also introduce several dynamical processes to illustrate the applications of RPS as a simplified model of species competition in ecological systems and price cycling in economic markets.

2016
Volume57Issue:2Pages:151-163
Cooperation Status其它
Subject AreaPhysics
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00107514.2015.1026556
Indexed BySCI
Funding OrganizationNational Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Basic Research Program of China [2013CB932804] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526] ; National Natural Science Foundations of China [11121403, 11225526]
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.itp.ac.cn/handle/311006/21265
Collection计算平台成果
Corresponding AuthorZhou, HJ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, State Key Lab Theoret Phys, Beijing, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhou, HJ,Zhou, HJ . The rock-paper-scissors game[J]. CONTEMPORARY PHYSICS,2016,57(2):151-163.
APA Zhou, HJ,&Zhou, HJ .(2016).The rock-paper-scissors game.CONTEMPORARY PHYSICS,57(2),151-163.
MLA Zhou, HJ,et al."The rock-paper-scissors game".CONTEMPORARY PHYSICS 57.2(2016):151-163.
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