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On the relevance of the maximum entropy principle in non-equilibrium statistical mechanics
Auletta, G; Rondoni, L; Vulpiani, A; Auletta, G (reprint author), Univ Cassino, I-03043 Cassino, Italy.
2017
发表期刊EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL-SPECIAL TOPICS
卷号226期号:10页码:2327-2343
文章类型Article
摘要At first glance, the maximum entropy principle (MEP) apparently allows us to derive, or justify in a simple way, fundamental results of equilibrium statistical mechanics. Because of this, a school of thought considers the MEP as a powerful and elegant way to make predictions in physics and other disciplines, rather than a useful technical tool like others in statistical physics. From this point of view the MEP appears as an alternative and more general predictive method than the traditional ones of statistical physics. Actually, careful inspection shows that such a success is due to a series of fortunate facts that characterize the physics of equilibrium systems, but which are absent in situations not described by Hamiltonian dynamics, or generically in nonequilibrium phenomena. Here we discuss several important examples in non equilibrium statistical mechanics, in which the MEP leads to incorrect predictions, proving that it does not have a predictive nature. We conclude that, in these paradigmatic examples, an approach that uses a detailed analysis of the relevant aspects of the dynamics cannot be avoided.
学科领域Physics
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epjst/e2017-70064-x
关键词[WOS]FLUCTUATION THEOREM ; INFORMATION-THEORY ; BOLTZMANN ENTROPY ; 2ND LAW ; SYSTEMS ; DISSIPATION ; TURBULENCE ; INFERENCE ; DYNAMICS ; FREEDOM
语种英语
WOS类目Physics, Multidisciplinary
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.itp.ac.cn/handle/311006/22026
专题理论物理所2017年知识产出
通讯作者Auletta, G (reprint author), Univ Cassino, I-03043 Cassino, Italy.
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Auletta, G,Rondoni, L,Vulpiani, A,et al. On the relevance of the maximum entropy principle in non-equilibrium statistical mechanics[J]. EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL-SPECIAL TOPICS,2017,226(10):2327-2343.
APA Auletta, G,Rondoni, L,Vulpiani, A,&Auletta, G .(2017).On the relevance of the maximum entropy principle in non-equilibrium statistical mechanics.EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL-SPECIAL TOPICS,226(10),2327-2343.
MLA Auletta, G,et al."On the relevance of the maximum entropy principle in non-equilibrium statistical mechanics".EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL-SPECIAL TOPICS 226.10(2017):2327-2343.
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