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Guo, Minyong1,2; Keski-Vakkuri, Esko; Liu, Hong5; Tian, Yu6,7; Zhang, Hongbao8,9
Dynamical Phase Transition from Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Dark Solitons
Source PublicationPHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS
Language英语
KeywordBRIGHT SOLITONS BOSE VORTEX
AbstractBy holographic duality, we identify a novel dynamical phase transition which results from the temperature dependence of nonequilibrium dynamics of dark solitons in a superfluid. For a nonequilibrium superfluid system with an initial density of dark solitons, there exists a critical temperature T-d, above which the system relaxes to equilibrium by producing sound waves, while below which it goes through an intermediate phase with a finite density of vortex-antivortex pairs. In particular, as T (d) is approached from below, the density of vortex pairs scales as (T-d - T)(gamma) with the critical exponent gamma = 1/2.
2020
ISSN0031-9007
Volume124Issue:3Pages:31601
Cooperation Status国际
Subject AreaPhysics
MOST Discipline CataloguePhysics, Multidisciplinary
DOI10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.031601
Indexed BySCIE
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.itp.ac.cn/handle/311006/26959
CollectionSCI期刊论文
Affiliation1.Beijing Normal Univ, Dept Phys, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
2.Perimeter Inst Theoret Phys, Waterloo, ON N2L 2Y5, Canada
3.Peking Univ, Ctr High Energy Phys, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
4.Univ Helsinki, Helsinki Inst Phys, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland
5.Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland
6.MIT, Ctr Theoret Phys, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA
7.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
8.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
9.Vrije Univ Brussel, Theoret Nat Kunde, Pl Laan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
10.Int Solvay Inst, Pl Laan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Guo, Minyong,Keski-Vakkuri, Esko,Liu, Hong,et al. Dynamical Phase Transition from Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Dark Solitons[J]. PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS,2020,124(3):31601.
APA Guo, Minyong,Keski-Vakkuri, Esko,Liu, Hong,Tian, Yu,&Zhang, Hongbao.(2020).Dynamical Phase Transition from Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Dark Solitons.PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS,124(3),31601.
MLA Guo, Minyong,et al."Dynamical Phase Transition from Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Dark Solitons".PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 124.3(2020):31601.
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