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题名: On the Dynamics of Ionic Liquids: Comparisons between Electronically Polarizable and Nonpolarizable Models II
作者: Yan, Tianying ;  王延颋 ;  Knox, Craig
刊名: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B
出版日期: 2010
卷号: 114, 期号:20, 页码:6886-6904
关键词: KERR-EFFECT SPECTROSCOPY ;  MOLECULAR-FORCE FIELD ;  1-BUTYL-3-METHYL IMIDAZOLIUM HEXAFLUOROPHOSPHATE ;  ALKYL CHAIN-LENGTH ;  TRANSPORT-PROPERTIES ;  PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES ;  INTERMOLECULAR DYNAMICS ;  DIELECTRIC RESPONSE ;  RELAXATION PROCESSES ;  COMPUTER-SIMULATION
学科分类: Physics
通讯作者: Yan, TY , Nankai Univ, Inst New Energy Mat Chem, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China
部门归属: [Yan, TY] Nankai Univ, Inst New Energy Mat Chem, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China; [Yan, TY] Nankai Univ, Dept Chem Mat, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China; [Wang, YT] Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Frontiers Theoret Phys, Inst Theoret Phys, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China; [Knox, C] Univ Utah, Ctr Biophys Modeling & Simulat, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA; [Knox, C] Univ Utah, Dept Chem, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA
英文摘要: An electronically polarizable model has been developed for the ionic liquid (IL) 1-ethyl-3-methyl-imidazolium nitrate (EMIM(+)/NO(3)(-)) (Yan et al. J. Phys. Chem. B DOI:10.1021/jp9089112). Molecular dynamics simulations were then performed with both the polarizable and nonpolarizable models. Both models exhibited certain properties that are similar to a supercooled liquid behavior even though the simulations were run at 400 K (89 K above the melting point of EMIM(+)/NO(3)(-)). The ionic mean-squared displacement and transverse current correlation function of both models were well represented by a memory function with a fast Gaussian initial relaxation followed by the two-step exponential functions for beta- and alpha-structural relaxations. Another feature shared by both models is the dynamic heterogeneity, which highlights the complex dynamic behavior of ILs. Apart from the overall slow dynamics, the relaxation of the H-atoms attached to the methyl group demonstrates a "free rotor" type of motion. Also, the ethyl group shows the fastest overall relaxation, due to the weak electrostatic interactions on it Such flexibility enhances the entropic effect and thus favors the liquid state at room temperature. For the dynamical properties reported in this paper, the polarizable model consistently exhibited faster relaxations (including translational and reorientational motions), higher self-diffusion and ionic conductivity, and lower shear viscosity than the nonpolarizable model. The faster relaxations of the polarizable model result from attenuated long-range electrostatic interactions caused by enhanced screening from the. polarization effect. Therefore, simulations based on the polarizable model may be analogous to simulations with the nonpolarizable model at higher temperatures. On the other hand, the enhanced intermolecular interactions for the polarizable model at short-range due to the additional charge-dipole and dipole dipole interactions result in a red shift of the intramolecular C H stretch spectrum and a higher degree Of ion association, leading to a spectrum with enhanced conductivity across the whole frequency range. The vibrational motion associated with the intermolecular hydrogen bonding is highly IR active, highlighting the importance of hydrogen bond dynamics in ILs.
收录类别: SCI
原文出处: 查看原文
WOS记录号: WOS:000277776800016
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.itp.ac.cn/handle/311006/5102
Appears in Collections:理论物理所1978-2010年知识产出_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Yan, Tianying,Wang, Yanting,Knox, Craig. On the Dynamics of Ionic Liquids: Comparisons between Electronically Polarizable and Nonpolarizable Models II[J]. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B,2010,114(20):6886-6904.
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