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Cai, Rong-Gen; Li, Tong; Li, Xue-Qian; Wang, Xun; Cai, RG , Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
New interpretation of matter-antimatter asymmetry based on branes and possible observational consequences
Source PublicationPHYSICAL REVIEW D
KeywordAlpha-magnetic-spectrometer Extra Dimensions Violation Cosmology Universe Fields Radion Bulk Law
AbstractMotivated by the alpha-magnetic-spectrometer (AMS) project, we assume that after the big bang or inflation epoch, antimatter was repelled onto one brane which is separated from our brane where all the observational matter resides. It is suggested that CP may be spontaneously broken, the two branes would correspond to ground states for matter and antimatter, respectively. Generally a complex scalar field which is responsible for the spontaneous CP violation, exists in the space between the branes. The matter and antimatter on the two branes attract each other via gravitational force, meanwhile the scalar field causes a Casimir effect to result in a repulsive force against the gravitation. We find that the Casimir force is much stronger than the gravitational force, as long as the separation of the two branes is small. Thus at early epoch after the big bang, the two branes were closer and then have been separated by the Casimir repulsive force from each other. The trend will continue until the separation is sufficiently large and then the gravitational force observed in our four-space would obviously deviate from the Newton's universal gravitational law. We suppose that there is a potential barrier at the brane boundary, which is similar to the surface tension for a water membrane. The barrier prevents the matter (antimatter) particles from entering the space between two branes and jump from one brane to another. However, by the quantum tunneling, a sizable antimatter flux may come to our brane and be observed by the AMS. In this work by considering two possible models, i.e. the naive flat space-time and Randall-Sundrum models, and using the observational data on the visible matter in our universe as inputs, we derive the antimatter flux which comes to our detector in the nonrelativistic approximation and make a rough numerical estimate of possible numbers of antihelium at AMS.
2007
ISSN1550-7998
Volume76Issue:10Pages:-
Subject AreaPhysics
Indexed BySCI
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.itp.ac.cn/handle/311006/5639
Collection理论物理所科研产出_SCI论文
Corresponding AuthorCai, RG , Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cai, Rong-Gen,Li, Tong,Li, Xue-Qian,et al. New interpretation of matter-antimatter asymmetry based on branes and possible observational consequences[J]. PHYSICAL REVIEW D,2007,76(10):-.
APA Cai, Rong-Gen,Li, Tong,Li, Xue-Qian,Wang, Xun,&Cai, RG , Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China.(2007).New interpretation of matter-antimatter asymmetry based on branes and possible observational consequences.PHYSICAL REVIEW D,76(10),-.
MLA Cai, Rong-Gen,et al."New interpretation of matter-antimatter asymmetry based on branes and possible observational consequences".PHYSICAL REVIEW D 76.10(2007):-.
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