Ma, YL , Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China

部门归属:

Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China

英文摘要:

The triangle anomaly in massless and massive QED is investigated by adopting the symmetry-preserving loop regularization method proposed recently in Refs. 1 and 2. The method is realized in the initial dimension of theory without modifying the original Lagrangian, it preserves symmetries under non-Abelian gauge and Poincare transformations in spite of the existence of two intrinsic mass scales M-c and mu(s) which actually play the roles of UV- and IR-cutoff respectively. The axial-vector-vector-vector (AVV) triangle diagrams in massless and massive QED are evaluated explicitly by using the loop regularization. It is shown that when the momentum k of external state is soft with k(2) << mu(2)(s), m(2) (m is the mass of loop fermions) and M -> infinity, both massless and massive QED become anomaly free. The triangle anomaly is found to appear as quantum corrections in the case that m(2), mu(2)(s) << k(2) and M-c -> infinity. Especially, it is justified that in the massless QED with mu(s) = 0 and M-c -> infinity, the triangle anomaly naturally exists as quantum effects in the axial-vector current when the ambiguity caused by the trace of gamma matrices with gamma(5) is eliminated by simply using the definition of gamma(5). It is explicitly demonstrated how the Ward identity anomaly of currents depends on the treatment for the trace of gamma matrices, which enables us to make a clarification whether the ambiguity of triangle anomaly is caused by the regularization scheme in the perturbation calculations or by the trace of gamma matrices with gamma(5). For comparison, an explicit calculation based on the Pauli-Villars regularization and dimensional regularization is carried out and the possible ambiguities of Ward identity anomalies caused from these two regularization schemes are carefully discussed, which include the ambiguities induced by the treatment of the trace of gamma matrices with gamma(5) and the action of the external momentum on the amplitude before the direct calculation of the AVV diagram.