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X-ray emission of baryonic gas in the universe: Luminosity-temperature relationship and soft-band background
Zhang, TJ; Liu, JR; Feng, LL; He, P; Fang, LZ; Zhang, TJ , Beijing Normal Univ, Dept Astron, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
2006
发表期刊ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
ISSN0004-637X
卷号642期号:2页码:625-635
摘要We study the X-ray emission of baryon fluid in the universe using the WIGEON cosmological hydrodynamic simulations. It has been revealed that cosmic baryon fluid in the nonlinear regime behaves like Burgers turbulence, i.e., the fluid field consists of shocks. Like turbulence in incompressible fluid, the Burgers turbulence plays an important role in converting the kinetic energy of the fluid to thermal energy and heats the gas. We show that the simulation sample of the Lambda CDMmodel without adding extra heating sources can fit well the observed distributions of X-ray luminosity versus temperature (L-X vs. T) of galaxy groups and is also consistent with the distributions of X-ray luminosity versus velocity dispersion (L-X vs. sigma). Because the baryonic gas is multiphase, the L-X-T and L-X-sigma distributions are significantly scattered. If we describe the relationships by power laws L-X alpha T-alpha LT and L-X alpha sigma(alpha LV), we find alpha(LT) > 2: 5 and alpha(LV) > 2:1. The X-ray background in the soft 0.5-2 keV band emitted by the baryonic gas in the temperature range 10(5) < T < 10(7) K has also been calculated. We show that of the total background, ( 1) no more than 2% comes from the region with temperature less than 10(6.5) K, and ( 2) no more than 7% is from the region of dark matter with mass density rho dm < 50 (rho) over bar (dm). The region of rho dm > 50 (rho) over bar (dm) is generally clustered and discretely distributed. Therefore, almost all of the soft X-ray background comes from clustered sources, and the contribution from truly diffuse gas is probably negligible. This point agrees with current X-ray observations.
部门归属Beijing Normal Univ, Dept Astron, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China; Univ Arizona, Dept Phys, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA; Purple Mt Observ, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Theoret Phys, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
关键词Ly-alpha Forest Essentially Nonoscillatory Schemes Large-scale Structure Intergalactic Medium Transmitted Flux Intracluster Medium Power Spectrum Cosmological Simulations Burgers Turbulence Galaxy Clusters
学科领域Physics
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收录类别SCI
WOS记录号WOS:000237554200002
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被引频次:6[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.itp.ac.cn/handle/311006/5987
专题理论物理所1978-2010年知识产出
通讯作者Zhang, TJ , Beijing Normal Univ, Dept Astron, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
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Zhang, TJ,Liu, JR,Feng, LL,et al. X-ray emission of baryonic gas in the universe: Luminosity-temperature relationship and soft-band background[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,2006,642(2):625-635.
APA Zhang, TJ,Liu, JR,Feng, LL,He, P,Fang, LZ,&Zhang, TJ , Beijing Normal Univ, Dept Astron, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China.(2006).X-ray emission of baryonic gas in the universe: Luminosity-temperature relationship and soft-band background.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,642(2),625-635.
MLA Zhang, TJ,et al."X-ray emission of baryonic gas in the universe: Luminosity-temperature relationship and soft-band background".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 642.2(2006):625-635.
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